Tadelakt in Marrakech
Riad Zinoun offers you a Tadelakt course in 5 days in half board. All you need to know about the Tadelakt
Lime and tradition
Silky, delicately nuanced and waterproof, the Tadelakt adds to its charms a thickness that animates the surface and softens the angles.
Tadelakt recipe with lime
The Tadelakt, from the Moroccan verb delleck, which means to knead, to crush, is a coating of lime, the preparation of which presupposes a period of rest.
Crushed and smoothed by hand
The particularity of the tadelakt is to be, after a drying time, crushed and smoothed with a hard roller and a preparation made from black soap.
The Tadelakt and its uses: inexhaustible source of inspiration
It is usually used in bathrooms, hammams and on floors, smooth and patinated, with no addition than the pigments that give it its coloring.
The Tadelakt also dresses pottery and terracotta dishes where the softness of colors rivals the softness of the forms.
It allows all the audacities in terms of decorative fittings: applied on supports created in plaster tiles or cellular concrete or reinforced cement (shelves, washbasins, benches, tables, columns, arches, fireplace, niches,) it allows all the originalities .
The technique of excision makes it possible to introduce all the drawings: friezes, arabesques ... and invites the imagination to create personalized decorations
The Tadelakt, give a breath of fresh air, warm and authentic in the universe of the bathroom. The continuity of shapes and the unity of the material link back to us the beauty of the mineral element, its sensuality to the touch, The colors of the Tadelakt: wide range of colors and nuances The traditional colors of the Moroccan Tadelakt are a range
- Hot ocher, sunny and burnt brown
- Yellow of the desert
- The vermillon of Marrakech
- Blue cobalt from the coast of Essaouira
- Yellow Saffron of the souk
Echoing the beauty of the Moroccan landscape. The Tadelakt is the perfect alternative to tiles in bathrooms.
They come from pigments of geological, mineral, organic origin
1) Geological pigments
Cinnabar, lapi lazuli, malachite, azurite, pyrite, antimony, orpiment, are scarce minerals considered semi-precious stones
The lapis-lazuli (lapis = stone in latin, lavender = blue in Persian) was the first mineral to be used to produce a deep blue.
The stone was crushed and washed.
Malachite green and azurite are two semi-precious stones.
The two minerals can be found on the same rock fragment.
Malachite green fixes light but is unstable in the mixture.
Azurite has been known since antiquity under the name of Armenian stone, and corresponds to a blue which according to the fineness of the grinding is more or less intense.
Orpiment, arsenic sulphide, was widely used by Egyptians. Its yellow gold color completes the various known ocher pigments.
Cinnabar is a semi-precious stone. They are still found in quarries in Italy or in the mines of Almaden in Spain.
This crushed stone will give the red vermilion. This stone has always been expensive and was used only in high class homes.
Other minerals are used as antimony or copper acetates which make the gray-green of illuminations. Rocks such as slate, calcite and gypsum are involved in the preparation of pigments.
2) organic pigments
The pastel blue comes from a plant, the Istasis tinctoria. The region of Toulouse was very famous for this production.
The pastel production cycle is very long (about two years) and its preparation complex.
Pastel was dethroned by another pigment, the indigo, derived from indigotier (Indigofera tinctoria).
This plant comes from India. Its low cost resulted in the death of
The Pastel industry in 1562.
To obtain the Indigo blue, ferment the leaves.
The madder comes from a herbaceous plant (rubra tinctorum) of warm and temperate regions.
The bright red dye from this plant comes from the root. This root is dried, crushed and blunted, the madder is said to be robed. This coloring was sold in this "garacin" form.
The yellow of the broom, the sarette, will enrich the palette of pigments.
The Sunflower corresponds to the second big vegetal blue.
This dye is extracted from the seeds.
This dye is known in chemistry as a colored indicator.
The woody field gives a black-violet color.
3) synthetic pigments
The ocher will give a soft and warm tone while the lime colors will give a more intense, more modern coloring.
Calculate the weight of your pigments according to the weight of the lime, to avoid color saturation.
Color saturation occurs when a color can no longer be changed. It is different depending on the nature of the pigment, earth or oxide.
The color saturation limit can be considered to be 20% for land and 10% foroxides. Under no circumstances should 25% be exceeded for land and 15% for oxides
The Tadelakt, its peculiarities
If it is necessary to make a Tadelakt from the lime bought in France, the lime aerial allows to realize beautiful creations and thanks to its take to the air,
Tools in Morocco
In Morocco, the traditional construction of earthen houses did not require much tools, the essential element was always "elbow oil".
Steps of the Tadelakt
* After 15 or 30 days (completely dry) apply the white wax which, without changing the color of the lid, allows to obtain a slightly satin finish.